Caste and Religions of Natal Immigrants (1860- )

by

K. Chetty

While the traditional caste divisions of Brahmin, Ksattriya, Vaisya and Sudra (4 Varnas) is in theory the basis of the caste system, this division has no "distinct and determinate existence". Rather, the caste (jati) segmentation has developed historically around the basic division into hierarchical network of castes and sub-castes. Indian society says the Imperial Gazetteer had always been composed of "diverse and heterogeneous groups" out of which the modern caste system developed "by natural and insensible stages". New castes appeared and broke off connection with the parent stock. Castes arose from tribes that were "Hinduised" (e.g. Dom, Dosadh, Jat, Rajput, Nayar), from the sectarian type (e.g. Lingayats of south India ), from occupational/functional categories (e.g. Ahirs[herdsmen], dhobis [washermen], Goalas[milkmen)] Pods[fishermen]), through inter-tribal marriages (e.g. Shagirdpeshas of Bengal) and National types (e.g. Newars of Nepal and Marathas of Bombay), through original territorial linkages (e.g. Jaunpuris, Barendra), and the last category formed as a result of new ceremonial practices and/or occupations e.g. the Ayodhia Kurmis set themselves apart from other Kurmis and claimed Ksattriya origins.

While Islam accepted no caste distinctions, Muslims in India nevertheless tended to segment themselves in caste-like groups (e.g. Saiyids, Ashrafs, Ajlafs, Jolahas and Rajputs). Many Muslims were Hindu converts e.g. Manihir, Dhobi, Gaddi and Teli are Hindu caste names, which Muslims bore. In 1901 there were 2400 castes and tribes in India. According to a study by Professor Surendra Bhana, at the lowest socio-economic level, those that emigrated to Natal were predominantly agricultural labourers, at the medium level were artisans with skills and at the highest economic level were the landowners.

The list of caste names below were compiled showing religious/ occupational/functional/professional categories, indicating synonyms or alternate spelling where possible. Where the language or religion could be ascertained this is indicated as well but may not necessarily exclude other religions/language groups from carrying those caste names. The list gives most of the caste names found in the list of Indentured Indians, together with their meaning and links. The researcher/viewer must be mindful of the variant spellings e.g. Comati, Komati, Komti [traders], or Kayeth, Kaeth, Kayesth [accountant, scribe]. It should be borne in mind that the variations are due to variant spellings of the same caste and errors due to translation from verbal to the written word.

CASTE - Meaning, Profession, Religion Hyperlink
Achari, Achary, Archary - Sometimes the last name of a person. Caste of the craftsman -architects, goldsmiths. Also associated with Brahmin class. http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.asia.srilanka.general/568/mb.ashx
Agamudaiyan" or "Ahamudaiyan" is derived from the root aham, which, in Tamil, has many meanings, it means a house or the earth, hence a householder, landowner or agriculturalist. http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Mukkulathor
Agrahi, Agariya or Agharia were traders http://books.google.com/books?id=69W858-aghUC&pg=PA197&lpg=PA197&dq=%22Agrahari%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dE7n3k7aiN&sig=LGqSDtOpyIDXYHrHPtS4-Ju1f38&hl=en&ei=MLswSrCDA5C5jAfL-4zDBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Agrawal - Merchants, bankers, landowners, and shopkeepers http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrawal
Ahir or Aheer are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders http://www.everyculture.com/South-Asia/Ahir.html
Aiyerpal - Priestly class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iyer
Akali means deathless, Kal meaning death - Sikh in origin. http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Akali
Ambalagar - Headmen of village. http://indiankanoon.org/doc/1197021/
Andi is a caste of beggars. http://books.google.com/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA48&lpg=PA48&dq=%22Andi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYWuvrgiA&sig=CBh0fvGWBZWFeuSmJiie-UVTRlo&hl=en&ei=qfIHSpjwDuW6jAe86KzgBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Arak - Calcutta immigrants. Agricultural workers. Possibly derived from araka, meaning a plough with bullocks, or from arakadu, a cultivator. http://www.ashanet.org/projects-new/documents/770/Proposal-LAV-Lalpur.doc
Arakala? - a small class of cultivators, recorded as being mainly from the Kurnool district. The name is possibly derived from araka, meaning a plough with bullocks, or from arakadu, a cultivator. http://www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso01thuruoft/castestribesofso01thuruoft_djvu.txt
Arasa Palllis - agricultural caste. http://articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1068&PCat=31
Asari - Carpenters - from artisan community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palakkad_district
Astrologer - possibly Kanakan or Valluvan. http://books.google.com/books?id=edzW9fuOF-cC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Kanakan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hywl8mGTJL&sig=38gPYN8mJgp3Ur8h6mow3qEfdXY&hl=en&ei=yQU6SpX1HNK2jAek6emlDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Atith - meaning cultivator. http://soks.wustl.edu/kinship.pdf
Badhai, the occupational caste of carpenters. http://www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html
Bagathalu - a Telugu Caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt
Bagdi - Fishermen and agricultural workers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bagdi_(caste)
Bahelia - a caste of hunters. http://books.google.com/books?id=nYLfjLj8AGkC&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=Bahelia+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=Wx6DWIIlfq&sig=dA2d6Edy6ghcTxE8FInUChHZXgQ&hl=en&ei=XEIRSt-POtLF-QaB6uHWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Baid - physician. http://books.google.com/books?id=AiU50pM_z6MC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=Baid+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wF1AfDuauR&sig=WfUaUn6AqjCfccKnNDDto68NHYE&hl=en&ei=7FQySqesOOW6jAfgyNyGCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Bais - compromising of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs and Zimindars (land owners). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bais_Rajput
Balai - leatherworkers. http://books.google.com/books?id=3JvmObMC4ZMC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=Balai+Caste&source=bl&ots=ZvHD0lm30Y&sig=c6VhGaqo77LqR5N8tpXUfvqZ0HY&hl=en&ei=nEoySsKUKdGNjAfnm7yaCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Balija - They are an Agrarian / Merchant/ Warrior community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balija
Bania or Vania are traders and merchants. The Hindi word Bania is derived from the Sanskrit vanika or trader. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bania_(caste)
Banjara (also Banjari, Bangala, Banjori, Banjuri, Brinjari, Lamani, Lamadi, Lambani, Labhani, Lambara, Lavani, Lemadi, Lumadale, Gormati, Kora, Sukali) are found in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other States in India.- agriculture, trade, herdsmen http://hisgreatplan.com/india%20documents/Banjara%20...%20a%20People%20called%20by%20God.pdf
Banmanus is derived from the Sanskrit term Ban-Manus, meaning Man of the Forest (ban) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barmanou
Bansphor, branches of the Dom Caste.- basket makers. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Bansphor+%22caste%22+basket&source=bl&ots=i3p2TefSwm&sig=L4v43QgGDucJmQLv-G58yzD8-dA&hl=en&ei=c1oNSrrVGtO2jAfAy6y3Bg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Banwari - Men of the forrest. http://www.stabroeknews.com/2008/letters/08/08/%E2%80%98banwahree%E2%80%99-is-one-of-the-names-for-lord-krishna/
Barahai, Barai - A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers. http://www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm
Barber - Members of the barber caste (Nai, Hajam)  help with weddings eg. in cutting hair etc. A barber's wife assists the bride (Muslim, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu) http://www.indianetzone.com/30/napita_nau_barber_caste.htm
Baretha - Professional caste of Washermen. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA519&lpg=PA519&dq=%22Bareth%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyq5h4mw&sig=SB7Pe8nCW_uIsdKADFqoBgCKlJQ&hl=en&ei=4EYJSoe6GZDQjAfa_di0Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Bari - Their occupation is to stitch together large leaves by the insertion of small wooden pegs to make leaf-plates, cups etc.. Also Craftsmen/weavers. http://www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm
Bariki are the village servants. http://www.archive.org/stream/religionofkuviko00schu/religionofkuviko00schu_djvu.txt
Barooye, Barai ?- A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers. http://www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm
Batraju - Bhat, a priestly caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhatt
Bauri - palanquin bearers and field workers. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA376&lpg=PA376&dq=Bauri+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va4IkSFOY&sig=GojTCBwxC-IVsdbG3QCc1ABdI2c&hl=en&ei=AgQySvaHJMqNjAee-ZWKCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Behari - person from the State of Bihar?.
Behna - cotton carders. http://books.google.com/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA326&lpg=PA326&dq=%22Behna%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH3txd7cj&sig=nvHh9uyBa-NK4EVMHSwy0mljI2k&hl=en&ei=SzQySpCHD4-QjAfZwJGJCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Beldars are labourers - masons, earthworkers, lime and brick workers - beldar "means one who carries a bel, hoe, mattock" http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=%22Beldar%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvAw3p4hC&sig=tGgXRNEWDLWp7v8OI0AXK879uWQ&hl=en&ei=FMQwSoSmHI6SjAf5s4zcBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Benbansi - means bamboo splitters - Members of caste sell bamboo baskets, chairs, bird cages etc. http://books.google.com/books?id=54gyRnhIugkC&pg=PA383&lpg=PA383&dq=Benbansi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fZMDMyaBOE&sig=ngqy5MGhUg71-9pEG5Ul_dW_s34&hl=en&ei=v1MyStvGHdXOjAfarsH9CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Besta - A Telugu Caste - fishermen. http://books.google.com/books?id=Szt48jbyr9EC&pg=PA219&lpg=PA219&dq=Besta%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=psC6ArDDzO&sig=aMhGam7A81KuX3Nn7Dt9k7xeckU&hl=en&ei=qTANSteiMp2OjAe_8tysCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Bhaina (Forest tribe). http://www.archive.org/stream/tribescastesofce02russ/tribescastesofce02russ_djvu.txt
Bhangis are traditionally restricted to being sweepers, cleaning latrines and handling dead bodies (both human and animal). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhangi
Bhar - Rajjhars are landowning Bhars while the lower caste are herders of swine and cattle. http://books.google.com/books?id=nYLfjLj8AGkC&pg=PA243&lpg=PA243&dq=Bhar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=Wx6DTMKuat&sig=sYc5iD-GSzjaYeXrb9a5UxYzt2E&hl=en&ei=4lUNSq2tK9mZjAfA55HlCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Bhar or Bur are labourers. http://www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt
Bharthi - an order of religious medicants, priests, brahmins. http://gosavisamaj.com/histry.php
Bhat, a priestly caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhatt
Bhata-raju - Bard or warrior. http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/8570896
Bhathi - horseriders and warriors. http://wapedia.mobi/en/Bhatia_(caste)
Bhil - a tribal Caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=k4OglPLX_g8C&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=Bhil+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NuZ8tTRtGo&sig=Gm8YB8abtNUle195f6Ok--z7pkk&hl=en&ei=dUgySr3_IY6SjAfGnoGeCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Bhind, bindh, or bind -bindhya meaning hills. Labourers and weavers. http://books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA252&lpg=PA252&dq=Bind+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0V20v4VH&sig=gpFq7BNmopfNfjQEj0onVznZamg&hl=en&ei=bzMRSvH0MISsjAfhmdCzBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Bhojwa or Bhujwa are grain parchers. http://books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA4-PA382&lpg=RA4-PA382&dq=Bhojwa+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY39_gd74&sig=OnxsrA2HF_D7r_-LL7An0LSJoek&hl=en&ei=tUARSuazLMPm-AbgtdjWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Bhooj. Bhuj meaning arm, hence meaning, skilled people (Gujarat.) http://www.geocities.com/lamberdar/_caste.html
Bhoosa means cattle feed - maybe cattle herders? http://books.google.com/books?id=X8HvbckzEVAC&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=Bhoosa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=omw2a9v_C0&sig=GI7EP-NiN0xTcyu5Yr7Bm3VQwJE&hl=en&ei=03RpSvnVOtu6jAeBhKGRCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Bhooyear - agricultural labourers. http://scnc.ukzn.ac.za/doc/SHIP/Bhana_Indentured_Indians_Natal_Study_based_Ships_list.pdf
Bhumihar or Babhan or Bhuin-har - Brahmins, priests as well as landowners. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumihar
Bhumji - tribal caste in India. Traditionally cultivators. Hunted birds and animals in the forrest. http://www.allindiaaseca.org/aug07.PDF
Bhur means the earth, hence agricultural labourers. http://www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt
Bhurji - Associated with the industries relating to gram, beaten paddy and rice. http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses4/3207089202.htm
Biahut - Caste members perform ceremonies at birth, marriages and funerals. http://books.google.com/books?id=MqLfZarn3foC&pg=PA243&lpg=PA243&dq=%22Biahut%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=pKlpu6h4WD&sig=Ie3dAgPDEkzaXrBFrdL3I6K0vlA&hl=en&ei=1DEySuPXKsahjAegkKWWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Blacksmiths and metal workers e.g. Lohars, Kamars, Kami. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lohar
Bogam - Telugu dancing girls. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA91&lpg=PA91&dq=%22Bogam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmiId44MT&sig=iw51qCV3VG8aO0O7jLBWlI-E9ag&hl=en&ei=ZUMySoWFMZ26jAfWuumBCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Boistub - Vaishnava Caste - Bengal. http://www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=wise&action=previous&record=4232
Boistum - Brahmans and priests. http://books.google.com/books?id=RIcBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA255&lpg=PA255&dq=%22Boistum%22&source=bl&ots=VP2-Njj0Ko&sig=RX4-2p56k4w7MNdZe_R8JKarz-8&hl=en&ei=LyMyStScDMvRjAfIsMiYCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Bondilis are said to derive their name from Bundelkund. They claim to be Rajputs. http://www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso01thuriala/castestribesofso01thuriala_djvu.txt
Boya - a hill tribe -hunters or warriors and tended to cattle. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyar_(caste)
Boyis - servants and palanquin bearers. http://books.google.com/books?id=P4oL0uGlMS8C&pg=PA462&lpg=PA462&dq=%22Boyi%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kd0UdgRzNt&sig=YmUCfPpnQEfleyEfr-F1Ao_BwWw&hl=en&ei=cQ8yStLgLJjNjAevj8WWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Brahman - Priestly Caste capable of performing certain religious tasks. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahman_(caste)
Brijbasi - sub-caste of Dangars - shepherds and cowherds. http://wapedia.mobi/en/Shegar
Bulja - scheduled caste defined by area. http://books.google.com/books?id=HuBVrSXYqKUC&pg=PA337&lpg=PA337&dq=Bulja+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=nMPALmnNXW&sig=QAMChjIvSAU3PxqAxQnzqgcIFhg&hl=en&ei=vgsySuyBNJ27jAfItLWWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Butcher Caste - eg. Khatik. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatik
Camala, Kammalars were mostly craftsmen, goldsmith, coppersmith, masons, etc http://www.alcbroadway.org/history.htm
Canaree - A Language. Probably Kannady ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kannadiga
Carpenter - Any of Badhai, Sutar, Voddrangi , Tarkhan (Sikh) , Asari, Kammala castes. http://www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html
Cavarai or Kavarai were landowners (Tamil) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Chai is a class of jugglers, thimble-riggers and adventurers. People belonging to Chai class perform at fairs and other festivals. http://www.indianetzone.com/29/chai_class_jugglers.htm
Chakadu - Telugu Caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt
Chakali/Chakkali/Chakkoli/Chakala - washermen - Telegu. http://www.geocities.com/husociology/sericulture6.htm
Chamar -Cobblers and leather workers. http://www.indianetzone.com/29/chamar_caste_workers.htm
Chambadi or Sambadi - fishing caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/reportonseafishf00dayfuoft/reportonseafishf00dayfuoft_djvu.txt
Chandal  - a caste of people traditionally engaged in menial jobs. http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0110.htm
Chasa - cultivator. http://books.google.com/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA330&lpg=PA330&dq=%22Chasa%22++%22+Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH4lCh99i&sig=HtEcv5PKsw1TKRHVXW-54sRZYvU&hl=en&ei=JBU2Sr2mCdrF-QbWnvCgDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Chattris or Khatris, Chuttri, Chutrees  are a warrior or military class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattar
Cheruman - hill cultivators. http://books.google.com/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA56&lpg=PA56&dq=Cheruman+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=gk9dH7Tm_2&sig=LDykkEa0QL7o9oTwlEUkOFrSLFU&hl=en&ei=kvI1Su_xKYONjAeKqoD5CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Chetti oddas (traders) while Kallu Oddas are stone workers while Manu Oddas are earthworkers, Odda Balija were seafarers.. http://books.google.com/books?id=bgpEIb4tNjgC&pg=PT66&lpg=PT66&dq=Odda+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k0G68Kj7pT&sig=DnEHTzILUafTjAMytW1tAeIqa9U&hl=en&ei=WFQeSs_RLeOwtgek5dXsAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Chettiar (also Chetty, Chetti, Setty, Chitty, and Shettigar)  used for people of South Indian origin. Traders and agriculturalists. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chettihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chetti
Chippi - Tailors. http://books.google.com/books?id=Q8HiF8NpBIEC&pg=PA136&lpg=PA136&dq=chipi+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=JmNhheHghM&sig=eCqqdK80-EpMnHZIJe82H6MES9c&hl=en&ei=H4ASSs_GHoLU-AbxjamqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Chogan or Ezhavas were traditionally employed as Farmers, Soldiers, Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, Kalari Trainers and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping. http://books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA383&lpg=PA383&dq=%22Chogan%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5sNfpoxh&sig=vtiGFuUL1gnJSQi0O9yZZd5FvRM&hl=en&ei=kDo2SpWCE4Ww-QaX8amiCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Chowan or Chowah - an agricultural clan. http://books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA1-PA182&lpg=RA1-PA182&dq=%22Chowan%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY630he64&sig=WqV4FQHJzhrwCsFv2TaBS07qaoo&hl=en&ei=FzI2SrDnMsKb-AaHz6yhDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Chowdary - tax collectors. Ahir are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)
Christian - various denominations.  
Christian - Nasrani. http://pallippurathamma.org/NasraniCulture.aspx
Chuckler - Leather-workers (Telegu). http://books.google.com/books?id=G9o8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA153&lpg=PA153&dq=%22Chuckler%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=I6StUkN3Tb&sig=1Kh2uCdJJi03cNGbfZHLTH48vJw&hl=en&ei=sg46SpvaOMm2jAey8rmaDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Churihar - makers of glass bangles. http://www.indowindow.com/sad/article.php?child=26&article=22
Chutrees, Chattris or Khatris, Chuttri  are a warrior or military class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattar
Cobbler - leatherworker caste - any of Chambar, Chamaar, Chamar,   (Teleugu cobblers (chura); Muchi, Giniya, Nakha, Charikara). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamar
Comati, Komati , Komti - A tribe of Vaisya Caste - traders. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA340&lpg=PA340&dq=Komati+Komti&source=bl&ots=aCmmHk35MU&sig=RglIjA0DkhJboMnbhqH8yjhpu_s&hl=en&ei=stNuSqrlCJTNjAfqsq2eBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Coravan, Karava - carpenters, boatbuilders, fishermen, distillers of liquor, traders. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/karava.html
Cotton cleaner - any of Dudekula, Dhunia castes. http://books.google.com/books?id=TEruAaDaOZ8C&pg=PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=Dudekula+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dM144gouPq&sig=DC7w2rguJAlA_hI14mdbqSArZ9Y&hl=en&ei=fp4SSpi5F8jdsgarwYWGDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10
Cummas, Kammas or Kammavaru -(Agricultural caste) controlled large fertile areas in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, as a legacy of their martial past (initially warriors). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)
Curnam, Karanam or Karana - accountants, tax collectors, court, Govt. officials. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karanam
Dandasi - a scheduled caste of Orissa.  Dandasi Khondras are village watchmen. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA415&lpg=PA415&dq=dandasi+caste&source=bl&ots=k9dX73_U6K&sig=xn3m8sEYaY-To_NC5ZhBcAPmfa8&hl=en&ei=wc4TStXzJcTG-Aau9dSvDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Darzi, Darji or Chipi caste -Tailors. http://books.google.com/books?id=Q8HiF8NpBIEC&pg=PA136&lpg=PA136&dq=chipi+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=JmNhheHghM&sig=eCqqdK80-EpMnHZIJe82H6MES9c&hl=en&ei=H4ASSs_GHoLU-AbxjamqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Dasalu - Boatmen and fishermen. http://books.google.com/books?id=mcDMGwprQ4oC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Dasa%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wfiqY0AnFj&sig=-LxXMa3PGET3DAGUpdouzwY6pME&hl=en&ei=6b8TSofsC8GN-AaB3MGmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Dasari, a wandering Telugu caste who are dramatists and perform folk plays. http://books.google.com/books?id=X5H6n5iKGaYC&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44&dq=Dasary+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=tZcgV-t0M9&sig=6Wm79p76cZ6S9sw1Dop0-KrlSlw&hl=en&ei=MbwTSvLIJ4PM-Aa-tv3ZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Deva, Dewar caste (also known as ‘Kaibarta’) specifically refers to the fishing communities. http://insightjnu.blogspot.com/2005/09/dewar-caste-and-its-identity.html
Devanga  or Devangi - They are one of the weaving castes in India. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanga
Dhanook - Mainly agriculture, word formed from Dhanuska meaning archer. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA484&lpg=PA484&dq=Dhanuk+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx3m2jC&sig=IDRiSxadY1WHU3xK1nKVnVJKxag&hl=en&ei=yLkTSv3sH4XN-QaC1cCqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Dharhi  or Dari - a caste of singers and dancers. http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/regmi/pdf/regmi_02.doc
Dharkars are workers in reed and cane. They manufacture cane stools,chairs, palm leaf fans, matting for floors and the like. http://www.indianetzone.com/31/dharkar_low_caste.htm
Dhed - a caste assigned to do menial work e.g. sweeping, fetching water etc. http://books.google.com/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38&dq=Dhed+caste&source=bl&ots=gk9aP4Pn_2&sig=4u-ls2l6-2R_uTVK9__3VenT3Bo&hl=en&ei=ZtwTSo-dKMOx-Qa8lsCmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Dhimar, the caste of fishermen and palanquin bearers - derives the names from a corruption of the Sanskrt Dhivara, a fisherman. http://www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html
Dhoby or Dhobi caste are Washermen. http://www.indianetzone.com/31/dhobi_washerman_caste.htm
Dhoonia - (among Muslims) - those that make pillow cases and matresses. Dhunnia means to card cotton. http://www.hvk.org/articles/0704/178.html
Dhora - gatherers, hunters and agriculture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_castes
Dhubra - labourers. http://books.google.com/books?id=vDV7Y1cnQawC&pg=PA238&lpg=PA238&dq=Dubra+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=DIjPJFdEGC&sig=Lq-22-ruIzk6OKTnCaP-YiVEmBg&hl=en&ei=B90TSs__NMiD-AaqzoywDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Dhuliya? Dramatists, performers and dancers, drummers. http://books.google.com/books?id=Bj3ttlbzxg0C&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=%22Dhuliya%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=PccaYFcXFR&sig=Z8igkiaM4-R1pEGoN1567XTqupg&hl=en&ei=WD46Sv-QEpKNjAfSnPWqDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Dom - Widespread and versatile caste of musicians, traders, and, sometimes, weavers. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/168403/Dom
Dommara (Andra Pradesh) - derivation from Dom people - .workers at cremation places or weavers of ropes and baskets. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domba
Dosadh - Village watchmen, messengers. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=Dosadh+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p4Va7Xwf&sig=tXw7uZYdhsas404Yuonw1zMmYis&hl=en&ei=oDIuStO5MousjAeqtcyRCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Dosar - The caste members are mainly shopkeepers, and they deal in gold and silver ornaments, as well as grain, tobacco and all kinds of groceries. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=Dosar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx4m0hz&sig=RFf6OEB0rzXqsvuRXSUub0pNRro&hl=en&ei=VeATSrvlD5ic-gb3v_XZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Dudekula, Doodakula - weaver caste and cotton cleaners. (Tamil and Telugu sometimes Muslim). http://books.google.com/books?id=TEruAaDaOZ8C&pg=PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=Dudekula+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dM144gouPq&sig=DC7w2rguJAlA_hI14mdbqSArZ9Y&hl=en&ei=fp4SSpi5F8jdsgarwYWGDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10
Edaya - Cowherds and shepherds. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav
Edigas or Idigas are people living mainly in Karnataka.Edigas are involved in soma and Ayurvedic medicine in ancient days and later as toddy-tappers of palm trees to make liquor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idiga
Ediya, Idiyan, Idayan -  to mean shepherds and cattle breaders. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav
Egali or Ekali - Washermen. http://books.google.com/books?id=EtwtSZwyWpgC&pg=PA457&lpg=PA457&dq=%22Ekali%22++caste&source=bl&ots=YfVw7U12v_&sig=tVazM-ArFy0cfdmU0saBqHr_oBE&hl=en&ei=juwTSu_BF43N-Qah3MmtDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Elama or Velama is one of the older feudal castes or social groups in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh . Mostly farmers, though initially warriors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velama
Eluvans, Elavanians (betel-growers). http://www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso05thuriala/castestribesofso05thuriala_djvu.txt
Enadi - means archer. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villavar
Erikala - tribe in Andra Pradesh - bamboo workers and basket makers. http://www.scribd.com/doc/15112293/The-right-to-say-no
Erula or Irula tribe of India.Irulas as a tribe are traditional snake and rat catchers. http://tribes-of-india.blogspot.com/2008/10/irula-tribes-of-india.html
Ezhavas were traditionally employed as Farmers,  Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezhava
Fakir - muslim religious medicant.
Fishermen - pods, pattinavar, bagdi, Dhivara, Kariayar, Paravans, Sembadava etc. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=fishermen+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH1tzbb9n&sig=HHVkwefY66HkSONgVNnbDdF1Eu8&hl=en&ei=kfcTSpetEMPM-AaanJy1Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Gadaba - A tribe of agriculturalists, labourers and hunters.(Andhra Pradesh). Gadaba means a person who carries a load on his shoulders. http://www.orissadiary.com/orissa_profile/tribal/Gadaba.asp
Gadariya - Shepherd class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhangar
Gadia meaning bullock or cartmen - a trading class. http://books.google.com/books?id=LPsvytmN3mUC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Gadia+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fPxbpdSfgC&sig=0yykbQmS_Us30PFgl7blBgQtUkc&hl=en&ei=Wh8VSq-4DoWv-QaU4YDqDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Gamalla, Goundla, Gouda, Goud, - toddy tappers and Ayurvedic medicine . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goud
Gandla or Ganiga is a caste of oil producers & merchants . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganiga
Ganjoo - a Brahmin or priestly caste. http://www.jeevansathi.com/profile/matrimonial-0626041a5.htm
Gararee - Shepherd class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhangar
Gardener - could be Mali or Kacchi caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_caste
Gaur - Cattle-herders. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA532&lpg=PA532&dq=Gour+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyxcn0nD&sig=OicQVAJk-GZ7D0fR1YZfpLy8UcY&hl=en&ei=oRwVSv6qMIKb-Ab0jdzpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Gauras or Gavara or Kavara were businessmen although traditionally agriculturalists. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavara
Gaurs also called Goriya - cattle - herders. http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Yadav
Gavandla or Gamalla -Toddy-tappers, extracting sap from palm trees, fermenting it and selling it as liquor. http://books.google.com/books?id=cGd2huLXEVYC&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=Gavandla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Y8VL9elk8G&sig=SRUyD7ttB6viZoiOVFaKifPjs8A&hl=en&ei=ITYVSoKVAoSO-AaTkMXpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Gazulu means bangle sellers. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=%22Gazulu%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyy4iXoC&sig=lVLp55DwnVOzamubdTOeT50lbFA&hl=en&ei=TlUVSrCJDYac-gbep5DqDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Gentoo - From the Portuguese word for heathens, refering thus to all Hindus. http://books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Gentoo+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm4VgdkN&sig=KtkSaBc9rIuqXgwHEtNO5TbD8rM&hl=en&ei=UGg_StnbGpPA-QbptPDJDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Ghansi - Grass-cutters. http://www.hinduheritage.org.au/pdf/Our%20Great%20Sages.pdf
Gharti - shepherds. http://books.google.com/books?id=aSaX09InyIoC&pg=PA189&lpg=PA189&dq=Gharti+Caste&source=bl&ots=IkeD5BeZw3&sig=Q02fpWxbNvqCFxxATdBKxDmflC0&hl=en&ei=GF8_Stf1N4nE-Qbf9JCwDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Gharukh - Sub-caste of the Kahars (Boatmen). http://books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA6-PA435&lpg=RA6-PA435&dq=%22Gharuk%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY3cXeb2a&sig=ON0Si88aqqOQ3H5pz19RmETEDmQ&hl=en&ei=oVYVSqzPFsS4-QbkruTpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Ghase - Sub-caste of the Mali - they grow and prepare tumeric. http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/pdf/gazeetter_reprint/Wardha/population_caste.html
Ghatwal or Ghatwars - Landowners - of Bhuiya Caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=bvGOHXlxUHUC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22Ghatwar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wxGb2zKmYp&sig=oQt7M4jTP8fjXJFSpsQqViFSgvI&hl=en&ei=lVcVSvPyJtab-gbL_pW1DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Goldsmith - Achary, Achari? Dosar? or similar caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=Dosar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx4m0hz&sig=RFf6OEB0rzXqsvuRXSUub0pNRro&hl=en&ei=VeATSrvlD5ic-gb3v_XZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Golla, Gowala or Gowla primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Gond - The name Gond is extracted from the Telugu word 'Konda' which means hill. Agriculture, collecting minor forest produce, fishing, hunting,are the main activities of Gonds. http://www.southasianmedia.net/profile/india/india_ethnology.cfm
Gondla (elephant grass), also known as Bhotia tribe, akin to Teli (oil-pressers) in Telugu community. http://www.southasianmedia.net/profile/india/india_ethnology.cfm
Gooroony - hunters. http://books.google.com/books?id=OgUbAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA282&lpg=PA282&dq=Gooroony&source=bl&ots=Eu6NXx5BFh&sig=RvgFBIctLe6a5oGt0Ch0VS2nQ9Q&hl=en&ei=G2Q_Sri_GYvA-QbztaW9DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Gorait - scheduled tribe of Bihar and Jharkhand State. http://www.jharkhandi.org/gorait_tribe.htm
Gore or Goria - potter caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA39&lpg=PA39&dq=Goria+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p3S9aRFk&sig=Z-JjcppW8hn5YOUDSY_2C5m26y8&hl=en&ei=Lz8aSsP0CsPN-AaQpKHMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Gosai - Soothsayers or fortune tellers. http://www.hindu.com/2008/03/11/stories/2008031151970300.htm
Gosain - Religious Caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gosain
Goud, Gamalla, Goundla, Gouda - toddy tappers and Ayurvedic medicine. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goud
Gounder  is the name of the head in a system of decentralised panchayat (Village Council) administration. http://www.lingoz.com/it/dictionary/Gounder%20(caste)
Gowala, Golla or Gowla are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Gowra - Telegu Subcaste. http://www.du.ac.in/OBC-CENTER-LIST.pdf
Gramani - usually a proprietor of a village or landlord. A gramani was originally the leader of a train of vehicles and warriors to receive the mayor. http://books.google.com/books?id=V73N8js5ZgAC&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=%22Gramani%22+%22Caste%22+india&source=bl&ots=nGcSKSUXbW&sig=CJNtshYsfw82TV0_qvaGFxpdrHU&hl=en&ei=8l0VSpriE4Kv-Qbt_73pDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Gujars are milkmen, Gajar is Arabic. http://www.punjabi.net/talk/messages/3/52461.html?1152737318
Gujerati - language.
Hajam - Barbers. http://mail.sarai.net/pipermail/reader-list/2009-April/019175.html
Halwai - They are a caste of confectioners and sweet-makers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halwai
Hazam - Barbers. http://mail.sarai.net/pipermail/reader-list/2009-April/019175.html
Herdsmen - Golla?, Gowla?, Ahirs - primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Hindu - Belonging to Hindu religion, sometimes called Gentoo. http://books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Gentoo+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm4VgdkN&sig=KtkSaBc9rIuqXgwHEtNO5TbD8rM&hl=en&ei=UGg_StnbGpPA-QbptPDJDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Hunters - e.g Boya, Bahelia, Gooroony, Sikari  caste. http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/YAVATMAL/people_castes.html
Idayan, Idiyan or Ediya - Cowherds and shepherds. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav
Irula or Erula  - Their main occupations are snake and rat catching. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irulas
Jalia - Boatmen. http://books.google.com/books?id=omAPFtaweqIC&pg=PA253&lpg=PA253&dq=Jalia+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=cPw1d66BgG&sig=g5x8a_d5s8LBHCuFBLTgQb9SnUY&hl=en&ei=QXYaSvDRIZG1-QbZkoXMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Jami - subcaste of Gola - Golla or Gowla primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture. http://tripatlas.com/Gounder_(caste)
Janappan - Gunny-bag weavers.Gunny-bag is the popular trading name for the coarse sacking and sacks made from jute fibre. http://www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso02thuruoft/castestribesofso02thuruoft_djvu.txt
Jandra - Weavers. http://books.google.com/books?id=I-MBh3Anb98C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Jandra+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YuuqpGZAjZ&sig=4uWSQG-UqVQ9Qo8Ul_itEzJrRbU&hl=en&ei=kHAaSonpKYPU-Aadu9TmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Jangama, Jangalau - Wondering monks and beggars- nomads and story tellers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jangama
Jaswar - A subcaste of Kurmi - an agricultural caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurmi
Jat - A peasant caste -  also landowners. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/301575/Jat/301575rellinks/Related-Links
Jathapu - agriculturalists. http://www.diversefoodsystems.org/lfs_docs/lfs_Prajateerpu_Part1AR.pdf
Jogi - They wander about the country beating a drum and begging, practising surgery in a small way, writing charms, telling fortunes, and practising exorcism and divination. http://www.religiousworlds.com/mandalam/jogi.htm
Jolaha - Weavers. http://books.google.com/books?id=I-MBh3Anb98C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Jandra+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YuuqpGZAjZ&sig=4uWSQG-UqVQ9Qo8Ul_itEzJrRbU&hl=en&ei=kHAaSonpKYPU-Aadu9TmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Joria - weavers. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=%22Joria%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p5WdcSEi&sig=3nMrvJIHmEeDSUbkOG3qYufcyn8&hl=en&ei=l4I_SvDTA4bu-Ab_2r2tBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Kabaria - green-grocer (Muslim). http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:i4-JkfMDvrgJ:ccms.ukzn.ac.za/docs/Taleb.pdf+Kabaria+%22Caste%22&cd=28&hl=en&ct=clnk
Kacchi are market gardeners. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unao,_Balaji
Kahar- Personal servants and labourers e.g. water bearers, palanquin bearers. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA148&lpg=PA148&dq=kahar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p2X8bUFi&sig=BbAGZE5XU1I0RS9-TSkpNdENe0E&hl=en&ei=EHwSSvGdNoXQ-Aa_4LysDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=11
Kaikala, Kaikola - Weaver Caste - also associated with temples. http://dspace.vidyanidhi.org.in:8080/dspace/bitstream/2009/3422/7/MAU-1983-033-6.pdf
Kairi (Bengal ) for Koeri - Koeri-Peasantry and agrarian caste. http://www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=&action=next&record=566
Kalars or Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalwar
Kalilnga - a tribe of warriors. http://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090401200118AAwPbUG
Kalingi is a caste of temple priests and cultivators, found mainly in Srikakulam. The Kalingis are essentially Telugus. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalingi
Kalla or Kalian.or Kallan means dark skinned people or 'one who collects information secretly and thus were advanced guards or spies. http://dspace.vidyanidhi.org.in:8080/dspace/bitstream/2009/5877/3/MKU-1978-001-2.pdf
Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalwar
Kambalam (kambili =blanket) applies to 9 castes when at a council meeting a blanket is spread on the floor. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA93&lpg=PA93&dq=%22Kambalam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9dY243U3F&sig=5uc7SPRdgE_t3vqE8X0Ld50Gno8&hl=en&ei=VqobSo6UF8fN-QbJpJjXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Kamhar, Kohar or Kumhars - Traditional pottery makers. http://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htmhttp://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm
Kamkar - Water-bearers. http://drishtikona.com/archives/government_policyadministration/001690.php
Kammala or Kammalan - Artisans - carpenters, goldsmiths, blacksmiths. http://books.google.com/books?id=L-s8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA320&lpg=PA320&dq=Kammalan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wdJXxxGEfC&sig=tMcXFTpP96XcKZu_e7mFs_sEPLo&hl=en&ei=0KUbSpSDIYK2-Aa4qITXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Kammalars were mostly craftsmen, goldsmith, coppersmith, masons. http://www.alcbroadway.org/history.htm
Kammari or Kamsali -Carpenters. http://www.aptribes.gov.in/html/ltr/50_2004.pdf
Kammas or Kammavaru -(Agricultural caste) controlled large fertile areas in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, as a legacy of their martial past, initially warriors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)
Kanadia -  a Tamil Caste.
Kanakan - astrologers and umbrella makers. Derived from the Portuguese Canaqua. http://books.google.com/books?id=edzW9fuOF-cC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Kanakan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hywl8mGTJL&sig=38gPYN8mJgp3Ur8h6mow3qEfdXY&hl=en&ei=yQU6SpX1HNK2jAek6emlDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Kandi - Kapu surname. http://www.bookrags.com/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Kandu - agriculture - grain-parchers. http://books.google.com/books?id=G9o8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Kandu+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=I6SqTrL0Xe&sig=7KbqEUtRu5rW-caFCbyEKXGUvvE&hl=en&ei=PcsLSrLbNdPMjAekmsCzBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Kanjar - a wandering tribe-  nomads and gypsies. http://books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA6-PA475&lpg=RA6-PA475&dq=Kunjara+Caste&source=bl&ots=qKY6cZj89a&sig=cD4BFoWLoiGlDA_j9Emh9inV4s4&hl=en&ei=I35DStm_LNLS-Qbw98ks&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Kannady-  Probably refers to a person from Kannada. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kannadiga
Kanoo - traders. http://madhesi.wordpress.com/2006/10/20/the-plains-people-the-tarai-people-are-not-one-faceless-group/
Kapu or Kaapu in Telugu means protector. Kapus speak Telugu and are primarily an Agrarian community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_Caste
Karan - writer caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=WhpjsPghUfYC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90&dq=%22Karan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wGFP-rCsUy&sig=oE2CJi1VcSfI0R3oTK34fHwXm6A&hl=en&ei=w88nSsX5KcOO-AaniIHLDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Karanam or Karana - accountants, tax collectors, court, Govt. officials. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karanam
Karara - a tribe of Brahmins. http://books.google.com/books?id=a1YOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP30&lpg=PP30&dq=%22Karara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=B0V8oVUcwq&sig=sef66YwPA17D2dS-yR-hnvs1mMY&hl=en&ei=fyFDSpz-NIyy-Aa0rqAf&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Karava - carpenters, boatbuilders, fishermen, distillers of liquor, traders. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/karava.html
Karumba - hunters and pastoral people. http://books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA137&lpg=PA137&dq=Karumba+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm7Q8fmK&sig=H_thVpKckdrq5opha-GN77N786g&hl=en&ei=eRpDSr_cD4jY-QbR5rQk&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Kasarwani - traders in brass and bell-metals. http://books.google.com/books?id=zl2mSCfgyu4C&pg=PA211&lpg=PA211&dq=Kasarwani&source=bl&ots=AvXmZMii_Q&sig=ShAdOFuIbMq_hU_W-8X7LesgjZA&hl=en&ei=Fy9DSt34J5Lb-Qbul_Qb&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Kasera - manufacturers and dealers in brass utensils. http://www.nisiet-cluster.org/pdf/pareo.pdf
Kathi - land-owning caste - Rajput - Initially a warrior clan but largely farmers and landowners. http://books.google.com/books?id=NYK7ZSpPzkUC&pg=PA318&lpg=PA318&dq=%22Kathi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=CtF615vIAn&sig=4pyLY9TBXX0QSf7utCQbd2uEMYw&hl=en&ei=PjhDSoDGHo_E-QbW1ZQn&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Kavandan or Gounder ' is the name of the head in a system of decentralised panchayat (Village Council) administration. Goundan is the derivation. http://www.lingoz.com/it/dictionary/Gounder%20(caste)
Kavara  or Gauras or Gavara  were businessmen originally, although traditionally agriculturalists. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavara
Kavarais were originally devoted entirely to agriculture, trading and sailing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Kawar - forest tribe and culitvators. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA411&lpg=PA411&dq=%22Kawar%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va5KdTDS2&sig=8tUmJDedYlcb2HX6-N34crF3Yjc&hl=en&ei=YEVDSsX4DcyD-QbLlaEK&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Kayeth or Kayesth, Kaeth - the caste of scribes and accountants. http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_kim_notes6.htm
Kewat, Khewat, Keot - a caste of fishermen, boatmen and cultivators. http://books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA422&lpg=PA422&dq=kewats+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5OxuP3Qz&sig=ZNTIJQyUU2aiVan2XMzHGE8MxRs&hl=en&ei=Ld8CSrvsGaPUjAfi24nrBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Khangar - village watchmen and labourers. http://www.archive.org/stream/tribescastesofce03russ/tribescastesofce03russ_djvu.txt
Kharwar - derived from the word khair "grass' used for various purposes eg. Mats etc. http://jharkhandi.com/kharwar.aspx
Khatik - a caste of butchers, subdivision of Dhangars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatik
Khatri , sub-caste of Kshatriya caste - traders and scribes. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/316519/Khatri
Kisan - meaning 'son of the soil' - cultivators. http://books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA284&lpg=PA284&dq=%22Kisan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm5Tg9lH&sig=NwQ6_77rxhHPRXC4tdu4DC6b9Hw&hl=en&ei=RJ9ASoHTH4nu-AaAgKHECA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Koeri- Peasant and agrarian caste. Also Weavers. http://www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=&action=next&record=566
Kohar, Kamhar or Kumhars - Traditional pottery makers. http://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm
Kol - a tribal people employed in cutting down jungle from year to year, and in conveying the wood for sale. http://www.indianetzone.com/34/kol_indian_ethnic_group.htm
Koli - are a forest tribe. Also engaged in agriculture. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PR18&lpg=PR18&dq=Kol+forest+tribe&source=bl&ots=0Va5EcRFQ_&sig=iRqNoa_TkSXJia29oa1o8y0rkT0&hl=en&ei=cO85StKjD-HRjAfp6_CZDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Komati , Komti, Comati - A tribe of Vaisya Caste - traders. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA340&lpg=PA340&dq=Komati+Komti&source=bl&ots=aCmmHk35MU&sig=RglIjA0DkhJboMnbhqH8yjhpu_s&hl=en&ei=stNuSqrlCJTNjAfqsq2eBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Konar -  Shepherds and cattle breeders (Tamil) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konar
Kone - mat-makers http://articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1069&PCat=31
Konga - from Konga country - districts of Coimbatore and Salem. http://members.rediff.com/dockan/originofsurnamepillay.htm
Kora - tribal caste. http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/T%20&%20T/T%20&%20T-02-0-000-000-2004-Web/T%20&%20T-02-2-077-135-2004-Abst-PDF/T%20&%20T-02-2-081-087-2004-027-Paul-K-Mitra/T%20&%20T-02-2-081-087-2004-Paul-K-Mitra.pdf
Korathy - tattooer. http://www.archive.org/stream/lifeinindianvill00ramarich/lifeinindianvill00ramarich_djvu.txt
Korava, Koravan, Koravar - Hunters, hawkers/nomads/gypsies, weavers/basket-makers and palm-reading. http://books.google.com/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA448&lpg=PA448&dq=Korava+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9dX1a4_-K&sig=u4Satb4gEPHbRfTKHDT7ExMsXbY&hl=en&ei=8tELSob0PNfOjAfOxL3GBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Kori - weavers and labourers. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PR18&lpg=PR18&dq=Kol+forest+tribe&source=bl&ots=0Va5EcRFQ_&sig=iRqNoa_TkSXJia29oa1o8y0rkT0&hl=en&ei=cO85StKjD-HRjAfp6_CZDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Korunir? - sheep herder? .Kuru meaning sheep http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuruba
Kosava, Kusava? - potters in Tamil http://groups.yahoo.com/group/INDOLOGY/message/2466
Kosta, Kostha, - a caste of weavers maybe something to deal with kosa silk? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewangan
Koyburto - no details available. http://books.google.com/books?id=0PFJX1GdNZkC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=%22Koyburto%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=-e54Duvboh&sig=5GnMSguxnA5ryCFdn7kfeleYlUA&hl=en&ei=PuU5SrbIC5m8jAeKiP31DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Kshatriya - constitutes the military and ruling order of the traditional Vedic-Hindu social system. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya
Kudumban - of the Pallar Caste,  a caste of agricultural labourers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar
Kulu - Drum-makers. http://web.comhem.se/~u18515267/CHAPTERIV.htm
Kumar, Kumhar, Kamhar -Traditional pottery makers. http://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm
Kunbi or Kunabi word is equivalent to Farmer. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunbi
Kundu -people are associated with agriculture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundu
Kurmi, Kurmis or Kurmee are primarily agriculturalists. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurmi
Kuruba has a direct meaning of one who heards "Kuri" (Sheep) in Kannada, mainly a Shepherd but the caste name may diifer by region with different names e.g. Kurumbar, Gorava, Dhangar, Ahirs, or Pal. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3ASearch&search=Shepherd+caste&fulltext=Search
Kurunegala people - kurune meaning elephants tusk. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurunegala
Kurupa - barber or warrior. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurup
Kutwar or Kotwal - village watchmen. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZzbkTbqgGEoC&pg=PA270&lpg=PA270&dq=%22Kutwar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hLMHtaK3P5&sig=KKCPp5HTcZUg7Px32TCKEMus_r8&hl=en&ei=GWpDSuisOobl-QbOpdUr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Labbai, Labbay, Labbai, Labba, is a distinctive Islamic community from Southern India. A Trading Community spread through the southern states of Tamil Nadu. http://www.everyculture.com/South-Asia/Labbai.html
Lakhera - a caste that makes bangles and other articles of lac. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=%22Lakhera%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va6BbTzR_&sig=GjkQsriqpmdZ2v5Bd2FtQRXy6DI&hl=en&ei=QnxESub5GYbu-AaizPwW&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Lala, Kaysth, Kaith - the caste of writers and accountants. http://books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA404&lpg=PA404&dq=%22Lala%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5TquObOw&sig=PADHsTZD6PjWBjU56iO46rkcUxo&hl=en&ei=LntESpyVMc-Q-AaX94zaBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Lalbegi - Muslim Caste similar to Bhangi Caste. Bhangis are traditionally restricted to being sweepers, cleaning latrines and handling dead bodies (both human and animal) http://www.infinityfoundation.com/mandala/h_es/h_es_karan_caste.htm
Lama - a Tibertan teacher. http://sawaal.ibibo.com/general-knowledge/lamas-caste-gurkhas-523428.html
Limbu - means or translates as an archer or 'the bearer of bows and arrows'. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limbu_people
Lingayat - a hindu relgious sect of Shiva worshippers.The adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingayat
Loadh - farmer. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1090128/jsp/nation/story_10449510.jsp
Lodh or Lodha are one of the Scheduled Tribes of India. Largely agriculturalists. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lodha
Lohar, Lahar  - The members of this group are traditionally blacksmiths who work with iron (Loha) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lohar
Lonia or Nunia, or Loniya, Nonia are from the Uppara caste (Salt and Lime preparers/workers) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaara
Maaran - Before the days of Sankaracharya their sole occupation was beating the drums in Brahminical Temples. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maaran
Madary - Charmers, faith healers? http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:kEW4NcuWkgEJ:www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/S-EM/EM-01-1-000-000-2007-Web/EM-01-1-000-000-2007-Abst-PDF/EM-01-1-001-020-2007-001-Bhasin-V/EM-01-1-001-020-001-Bhasin-V-Tt.pdf+Madary+charmer&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk
Madiga - Leather working is one of the professions of Madigas and agricultural labourers in some regions of Andhra Pradesh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madiga
Madrasi - Person from Madras.
Madrasu - The caste name MUTHARASU (Village watchmen and stone-workers)  got modified to city name Madrasu. http://www.geocities.com/MUDIRAJA/mudiraju_kings.html
Mahajans - Money-lenders. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=L50DmNRdmB0C&pg=PA238&lpg=PA238&dq=%22Mahajam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=xdIYPy0yi0&sig=uCXG1l8s8nyhh24SLomIrAI4Fao&hl=en&ei=L_0cSsDxE9TG-QaUsKDnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Mahars, Mohara, Mahara, Mehra - - untouchables - low caste - live mainly in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. - farmers. http://www.gfa.org/send/extras/who-are-the-maharas
Mahur - Barber Caste. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=Mahur+Caste&source=bl&ots=LjPXa05CT6&sig=ooqWmhkPDyrmHUIzv7Qjv8T_y6Q&hl=en&ei=CRsdSv-INcTM-AbcnrDnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Malabar is a generic term referring to South Indians emigrants recruited from the Malabar coast.
Malas or Malla , a social group largely from Andhra Pradesh, were mostly agricultural workers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mala_(caste)
Malayali - group of people, who speak Malayalam, originating from the Indian state of Kerala. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayali
Mali - Gardeners and flower sellers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_caste
Malkana Rajputs? - warriors? http://books.google.co.za/books?id=iroI_C8GTFsC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=Malkana+Caste&source=bl&ots=vXhtJVSU9x&sig=yBvup8yQ5SAU4V8XnoJgKkuu3qY&hl=en&ei=0R0dStbhApOD-Aaz-ennBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Mallah - Boatmen and fishermen. http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:EZoo5X7oy5AJ:www.ashgate.com/pdf/SamplePages/Caste_Occupation_and_Politics_on_the_Ganges_Intro.pdf+Mallah+%22Caste%22&cd=17&hl=en&ct=clnk
Mangala - Barbers. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA464&lpg=PA464&dq=%22Mangala%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmhEe-4JO&sig=m20uTtv9yvcqEIM9_X2BF5LkvZY&hl=en&ei=CvocSqDZGcTL-Aag6annBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Manihar - caste of pedlars and hawkers. http://books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=%22Manihar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZy8YI&sig=fFWiOuyvuy2292isaC3R2O-WWzw&hl=en&ei=5qxESpGiK5TX-QaCt5Qc&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Maniyagar - headman at village. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=pkU4AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA164&lpg=PA164&dq=%22Maniyagar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=ib3Zx0JUPu&sig=Jd_uzB-2Nhx6r0OzO2Ih8ThJt_c&hl=en&ei=VgAdSuTHLNnT-Qbu-snDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Manjhi means 'Ferryman' . They earn their livelihood from agriculture. http://www.india9.com/i9show/Manjhi-Tribe-49260.htm
Mannan - barber. http://books.google.com/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA134&lpg=PA134&dq=%22Mannan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9d--3002K&sig=_1x__RlvOrFFoElOY4abcgNw-_Y&hl=en&ei=ia1EStfVI4HJ-Qbe5u0X&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Manthadi - a Tamil Caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt
Mapalay, Moplahs were largely Arab Traders living in Tamil States. From the word "Mappila in Tamil which refers to son-in-law". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mappilas
Mara, Maravar, in Tamil, means a warrior. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara
Marata (Sudra?) -Maratha - People who speak Marathi Language - warriors and peasants. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maratha
Maratha - People who speak Marathi Language - warriors and peasants. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maratha
Mathiga - Cleaners ans scavengers who work with skin and leather as well. http://arunthathiyer-tamilnadu.blogspot.com/2008_06_01_archive.html
Maula - In Arabic - maula means Master and slave both.
Mawatee is a language. http://profile.urdumatrimony.com/profiledetail/viewprofile.php?id=U537978
Medara, medari, Medar, Meda, Telugu caste of bamboo-workers and mat-makers of South India. http://mahendramedara.com/content/view/12/46/
Meena or Mina is derived from the word 'meen' meaning fish claiming descent from the Matsya Avatar, or fish incarnation, of Vishnu. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meenas
Mehter or mehtar a sweeper . http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_lalbeg1.htm
Mochi - a caste of cobblers and leather workers. http://hindu-society.blogspot.com/2008/02/aaja-nachle-caste-controvrsy.html
Momin - a Muslim subgroup.
Moopan in Tamil means elder or leader. http://books.google.com/books?id=73msCkfD5V8C&pg=PA119&lpg=PA119&dq=Muppan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jyToWhtfS4&sig=KT29nPxPxNj9IhPJp-e-YmjKFSk&hl=en&ei=o-4bSvDQBMW9-AaI65zLDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Mosahar, Moosohur - Rodent and mice catchers. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&dq=Musahar+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p6Q76Tyk&sig=yBVjxZxt2bUsawkMrrl07yW-IHM&hl=en&ei=cZtESoDSBM7x-QbcpfAn&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Mothi - sub-caste of Pasi. Pasi -Toddy-drawer caste lives by tapping palm for its juice to make liquor. Pasi (noose or belt) by means of which palm is climbed. http://www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php
Moyrathe confectioner caste - sweetmeats etc. http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/M_0339.htm
Mudaliar, Mudely, Mudaly, means a person of first rank in a feudal society. http://www.saivavellalar.com/index.php?pgid=10
Mukkulathor? - comprise of three roughly designated groups, Kallar, Maravar and Agamudaiyar, which make up the community. Many of the members are still agriculturalists, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thevar
Mullah - Priestly Caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=EN3_3iJuxLgC&pg=PA150&lpg=PA150&dq=Mullah+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Yue41M57G_&sig=SwhPK67wQ9WyPasTsqrhhpD2Af8&hl=en&ei=ghYdSpCdDIKx-QbQ3cjDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Mungur - tribe of Nepal. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=KoNT6tjk9mQC&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Mungur+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=oRPTEXFVcu&sig=L1jEWX58FdkOJfQWg78Igw7xF8I&hl=en&ei=kyIdSpfDK8zN-Qa0p-TDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Murai, Murao , from muli or radish.Subcaste of Kacchi - vegetable growers. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA392&lpg=PA392&dq=Murai++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va2DkSyWY&sig=BNTRkEjyh90fs80TihMyJ1hWprI&hl=en&ei=otwLSqCCE9irjAfaxsieBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Muslim or Musalman, Mahomedan  - belonging to the Islamic faith - followers of Islam. http://books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Musti - Subcaste of Goala (sheep and cattle-herders). http://tripatlas.com/Gounder_(caste)
Muthrasi, Mutrasi, Mutracha - Village watchmen and stone-workers. http://books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA392&lpg=PA392&dq=Muthrasi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3EfTGP4&sig=a2ju_3X3Djr2x5SNDPIxK4jwTkY&hl=en&ei=T-gbSonnPMHO-Aa3n5TXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Nadar - Warrior Caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadar_(caste)
Nagara - Telegu Caste, Nagara means a drum. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=%22Nagara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXa0dySZ&sig=vPbM_NNFUdBeKoXa6IEYvBybr4M&hl=en&ei=pjgdSqjxHIHL-AaAw6jnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Nagavumsa - Telegu Caste Nagara means a drum. - a subdivision of the Palli (Agriculturalists) Caste. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=%22Nagara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXa0dySZ&sig=vPbM_NNFUdBeKoXa6IEYvBybr4M&hl=en&ei=pjgdSqjxHIHL-AaAw6jnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Nai, Nao, Napit - Barber caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Naick,Nayak, Nayaka, Nayakar,  Naicker, Naickan, Nayakkan. They are all derivatives of the original Sanskrit Nayaka, meaning a leader. http://wapedia.mobi/en/Nayak_(title)
Naidu, Naidoo means leader. http://wapedia.mobi/en/Nayak_(title)
Nair - Warrior caste, land managers and administrators. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nair
Nambiar - Nair Sub-caste - Warrior class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nambiar_(Nair_subcaste)
Napit - Barber caste. http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/N_0051.htm
Nat - Entertainers. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VBF-4BFXP75-2&_user=2822922&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000058881&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2822922&md5=4185c09706603ab8792224607b1eeedf
Natha - Headman. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=HdSABP70H9sC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=%22Nattan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=G3G1oFW9DC&sig=7uOnkIA4g31pPS20gy0JyJplmSs&hl=en&ei=2zIdSq6rFoPI-Aang6nnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Nattars were an administrative officials in the Tamil kingdoms. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nattar
Nai, Nau - muslim barber. http://books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Navithan, Navithar (Tamil) - Barber caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=8QPtAAAAIAAJ&q=%22Navithar%22+%22barbar%22&dq=%22Navithar%22+%22barbar%22
Newar - Varios occupations - see link. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newar_Caste
Neyalu - Andhra/Telegu  Caste?
Noonia, Nuniya, or Noniya are Lonia or Nunia, or Loniya, Nonia are from the Uppara caste (Salt and Lime preparers/workers). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara
Odayan- Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used - agrarian community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Odda - Kallu Oddas are stone workers while Manu Oddas are earthworkers, Odda Balija were seafarers. http://books.google.com/books?id=bgpEIb4tNjgC&pg=PT66&lpg=PT66&dq=Odda+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k0G68Kj7pT&sig=DnEHTzILUafTjAMytW1tAeIqa9U&hl=en&ei=WFQeSs_RLeOwtgek5dXsAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Odeyer - Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used - agrarian community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Oilmonger -Chakkan, gandla, ganiga, sappaliga, telli, vaniyan? - The name Teli is given because of their profession of "making edible oil". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli
Ojha - A Caste of Gond augurs. Ojh meaning entrails. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA394&lpg=PA394&dq=%22Okkilyan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3GbWySZ&sig=1yhxNqOkDuuFGxPD5wR0vTk0AEM&hl=en&ei=_2EeSo-2Dsuu_AbAks3JBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Okkilyan - synonym for Wakkaliga. Agriculturalists http://books.google.co.za/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA394&lpg=PA394&dq=%22Okkilyan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3GbWySZ&sig=1yhxNqOkDuuFGxPD5wR0vTk0AEM&hl=en&ei=_2EeSo-2Dsuu_AbAks3JBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Oppara or  Uppara meaning  'a person who works in salt'. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara
Oriya - person from Orissa? Oriya (Language). http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Germany-to-Jamaica/Oriya.html
Padayachi is one of the subsects of the Vanniyar caste. Traditionally Padayachis were foot soldiers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padayatchi
Padmasali - Telugu weaver Caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padmashali
Palaiyakkarar, poligar, polygar or palegar was the title for a class of territorial administrative cum military chiefs. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palaiyakkarar
Palla- Agricultural labourers - Tamil. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar
Pallar or Pallan  - a caste of agricultural labourers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar
Palli means a warrior. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanniyar
Palli-Kapu means a warrior. Kapu in Telegu means to protect. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Pan - originally weavers. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080412024514AAvp2i9
Panaka is a sweet juicy syrup. - place as well.
Panan - Tailors, magicians and conjurers. http://books.google.com/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Panan++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYXzAvdmA&sig=MiliASGZvjj7aIeJszDjZRoZZB8&hl=en&ei=9acfSp3ABoTI-AbY-Y3NCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Panchama or Pancharam caste . Originally considered as Panchama or the fifth group beyond the four fold division of the caste system, untoucables, forbidden to worship/draw water as caste Hindus-  usually lived in segregated main village. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalit
Pandaram - landowners and priests. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Indian_caste_system
Panday - Brahmin Caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandey
Pangi - a tribal habitat in the Himalayas. http://books.google.com/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=Pangi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXb6bCR2&sig=1_-FBfoneLY3_gNm_xgvWH8ngo8&hl=en&ei=YaMfSqrCLsKe-AajqpCoCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Panicker was derived from the Sanskrit word 'Parinayaka' meaning 'captain of warriors'. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panicker
Panisavan /Paniyan -literally means 'one who works or does service' - they carry news to the relations of the dead and also engaged in agriculture. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=pan%CC%A3iyan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYXzAsagz&sig=79-E9uTU1AU4F5gzurusKwXgga4&hl=en&ei=1JofSpn4FtrR-QbJ16S8CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8
Panjari - Muslim class - Andra Pradesh. http://www.indiarightsonline.com/Sabrang/relipolcom13.nsf/5e7647d942f529c9e5256c3100376e2e/8340c6909c2145f865256df0002554db/$FILE/Dudekula+Muslims+of+Andhra+Pradesh.pdf
Panka - Dravidian Caste of weavers and labourers. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=CLTfRUOuQ1YC&pg=PA401&lpg=PA401&dq=%22Panka%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=pER79PuWdm&sig=v_y3-zZkJ3aoygANOhLKM11eUtc&hl=en&ei=zpMeSt7HG4PK_ga9m43KBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Panna - grass cutters. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panna_caste
Paravan - fishermen caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paravan
Paria, Pariya - Labourers in agrculture or industry - untouchables. Paraiyar denotes drum beaters as well as general agricultural labourers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraiyar
Parisa - assemblies or orders - possibly  Buddhists? http://www.greatwesternvehicle.org/ati_website/glossary.html
Parsee or Parsi are members of the Zoroastrian community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsee
Pasee, Pasi. Toddy-drawer, caste lives by tapping palm for its juice to make liquor. Pasi (noose or belt) by means of which palm is climbed. http://www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php
Pathan - A Military group. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pashtun_people
Pattanavan - fishing caste of Tamil Nadu. http://www.mapsofindia.com/tamilnadu/beaches/pulicat.html
Patwa (pat meaning silk) - engaged is silk and cotton tread business. http://books.google.com/books?id=4bfmnmsBfQ4C&pg=PA1690&lpg=PA1690&dq=Patahar+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=HFrhrbIcIL&sig=OSa8bBVE6zU64EpPFNK-uhPXegg&hl=en&ei=YKwfSp7BNcqY-gaP5JCoCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Perika - gunny bag weavers -bags made of jute fibre. http://books.google.com/books?id=r-ffeWmj2JUC&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=Periki+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=5Be157AHQk&sig=3cm0o0aZctlzV96VO3W6fWaI_tU&hl=en&ei=2ocjStz8OtnT-QaLnIy7CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Pillai, Pillay, Pulle or Pilli - of Vellala Caste - agriculture and landlords. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pillai
Pinjari - Muslim class - Andra Pradesh. http://www.indiarightsonline.com/Sabrang/relipolcom13.nsf/5e7647d942f529c9e5256c3100376e2e/8340c6909c2145f865256df0002554db/$FILE/Dudekula+Muslims+of+Andhra+Pradesh.pdf
Poojali - Tamil Priests. http://www3.qeh.ox.ac.uk/pdf/qehwp/qehwps31.pdf
Potters - of Kumhar, Kamhar, Kohar castes. http://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm
Pulla - farmer? Pulla = stick , also Pulla = sour but not sweet. Could be Pallar caste - agriculturalists. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=J0gwZ_MBkmMC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=%22Pulla%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=p9UpuxQYBl&sig=n7DqxeBjFOoEoYoieG1DQHUe-Ts&hl=en&ei=gIoeSq6LHYTE_QaAy9HKBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Pundarula - Telugu Caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt
Pydee - Agricultural labour Caste. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=Paidi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=gk9bMbOiRa&sig=r9F9931OIRMCD1cSMNcoAkm7AV0&hl=en&ei=CJYfSpy9MM6w-Aas1eTSBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Rabari or Rewari - Rabari's main business used to be raising cattle, camels and goats. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabari
Raidas or Ravidas(Saint)  was of cobbler caste. http://vlex.in/vid/kishorilal-hans-raja-ram-singh-ors-29690683
Rajbansi- Bengali caste. http://books.google.com/books?id=Yib9wsfFMdQC&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Rajhansi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=VBWfojAFgn&sig=R4Cq4R88v56gHSzRKdKHTNo6luk&hl=en&ei=_9AjSr_gHJLN-Qbg-ZzZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Rajbhur, Rajbhar - means the earth, hence  labourers, traditionally warriors. http://www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt
Rajput - Initially a warrior clan but largely farmers and landowners. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput
Raju - Military tribe - raju comes from the Sanskrit word Raj or Raja meaning King. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajus
Rajwar- a cultivating caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamwal
Ramjani - Professional singers and dancers? http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=%22Ramjani%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmmEf46MP&sig=Pnon14zO3yIUrsJkom_pEaNrL1s&hl=en&ei=yYBpSpa9EJOZjAfipoCeCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10
Rastogi - craftsmen in gold. http://rastogimc.blogspot.com/
Rawat - herdsmen. http://books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA391&lpg=PA391&dq=Rawat+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5QyzObNv&sig=yRNjonoKQFnLo52vesToz-tjQ74&hl=en&ei=s6wjSsb2KpPN-Qb7_aSzCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Reddy, Reddi -  Landowners and ruling class of ancient Telugu society. Many Reddys migrated to Tamilnadu centuries ago and formed a distinct community. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reddy
Rellie - Caste in Andra Pradesh - agriculture. http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/download/1998.pdf
Roniyar - traders. http://www.vaishfederation.in/about-us/vaish-subcast.htm
Sagidi - a toddy tapper community - make liquor from palm trees. http://books.google.com/books?id=eZfcbtn6byIC&pg=PA321&lpg=PA321&dq=%22Sagidi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Q57ITV-b5S&sig=vpirL9qTL1jyerDB0vb4o7vfSy0&hl=en&ei=dismSrq3BcHM-AbD9aC3AQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Saithwar, 'Sainthwar' word is derived from 'Sihat-war ' which simply means 'one who left Sihat' - Rajasthan, Kashmir and Punjab states and settled in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Western Bihar. http://rithuakhor.tripod.com/rithuakhor.htm
Sakala, Sakala or Chakla means a dhobi or washerman. http://books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA143&lpg=PA143&dq=%22Sakla%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmiAf_dST&sig=qGzL_1DA1Pfn1TbtJfLEkTznyx4&hl=en&ei=1UgmSvCpA8XN-Aa4k6HNDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Sakkili - (Telugu ) Sakkiliar also Chakilli, Sakkili and Arunthathiyar - menial labourers - night soil removers. http://www.telugupedia.com/wiki/index.php?title=Sakkiliar
Sali, Saliya ,Chaliyan, Seniyar or Sale - Weavers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaliyan
Saman means things, wares hence "one who deals in wares' http://members.cox.net/wgunasegaram/CH8.htm
Samanta? - warriors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samanta_Kshatriya
Sanapathi / Sanapathy - a Telugu Caste - headman or chief resolves disputes etc. http://www.lankalibrary.com/phpBB/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=4576
Sanar - Toddy drawers - extract juice from plam trees - a form of drink in days when no tea or coffee was available. http://www.thinnai.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=80612281&format=print
Santal - initially hunters and food-gatherers later became a peasant society - agriculture. http://books.google.com/books?id=PBxOrV2oEtAC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=Santal+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=uLlvGBk0Oo&sig=CZXccTmbD-0JTpiUpp4FcpLaOuk&hl=en&ei=5W8mSs-hEpvU-Qam_8nPDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3
Saora, Soura, Sowrah, Sora, Savara - caste of Orissa. http://books.google.com/books?id=qxxnZ4XxUbsC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Saura%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fCJfLI3U6C&sig=3P4m2J-YVe0oc3a2XpKXG5rQFzA&hl=en&ei=iDQmSsnuLMHQ-AbhoayvDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Satani - a caste of temple servants. https://www.vedamsbooks.com/no42351.htm
Sayyid - descendants of Ali, son -in-law of Mohamed - Muslims. http://books.google.com/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=RA1-PA391&lpg=RA1-PA391&dq=Sayad+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPY617FQ6&sig=-HzWDNX5-NsS0BOR-fGUe8s8Iic&hl=en&ei=t3ImSu7hMMeA-AbIjtDPDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Sedar or Chedar - weavers. http://wapedia.mobi/en/Gadhavi
Sembadava - fishing caste. http://articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1068&PCat=31
Senguntha, Sengunthar - a warrior Caste. http://www.scribd.com/doc/5517432/SENGUNTHAR
Serva or Agamudian - Agamudaiyan" or "Ahamudaiyan". " derived from the root aham, which, in Tamil, has many significations.In one of these, it means a house, in another earth, hence householder or landowner or agriculturalists http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Mukkulathor
Shanan - Warrior Caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadar_(caste)
Shatria - Warrior Caste. http://correlator.sandbox.yahoo.net/index.php/people/Kshatriya
Sheik - Muslim.
Shepherd - Kuruba, Gorava, Ahir or Pal caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3ASearch&search=Shepherd+caste&fulltext=Search
Shoemaker -Leatherworker caste - any of Chambar, Chamaar, Chamar,    (Teleugu cobblers (chura); Muchi, Giniya, Nakha, Charikara). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamar
Sikari- Hunters. http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/YAVATMAL/people_castes.html
Sikhism - followers of Guru Nanak. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/543916/Sikhism/253170/The-rejection-of-caste
Singalese - language? http://books.google.com/books?id=b0NEREFz8p0C&pg=RA1-PA116&lpg=RA1-PA116&dq=Singalese+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=WJ4XU5sOPq&sig=3EdYh5vFdmtCysr3r3bSTAZYx3E&hl=en&ei=A-ooSr_-JIOy-QaZ8eX5CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Singh - derived from the Sanskrit word Simha meaning lion. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singh
Sirdar - Headman.
Siviars are royal palanquin bearers. When referred to as Bestha Siviar then besthas are fishermen. http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Caste_system_in_Sri_Lanka
Sola weed which grows alongside rice is grown by the gardener caste -used to make sola hats or topis. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=3VQTAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA389&lpg=RA1-PA389&dq=Sola+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=emKCX8hES4&sig=hY1BvZwUQGbgvJhYOoTUbLiBUY8&hl=en&ei=ZdwoSu9Fm4P4BpzrhIMJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10
Sonar - community of goldsmiths, silversmiths and jewellers. http://www.indianetzone.com/36/sonar_hindu_caste.htm
Sudarman - an elder or headman. http://books.google.com/books?id=FnB3k8fx5oEC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=%22Sudarman%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=KbdOr6INb-&sig=9S7xJTTRtZjylj-DLE1g25K9o4w&hl=en&ei=yiolSuGSDsXF-QaY2vneBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
Sudgope - landowners. http://books.google.com/books?id=r7ar3x8KAOsC&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&dq=%22Sadgope%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=14keZgZUiF&sig=l_Xdhll9fc0zZd6qq6_lfZsCDOM
Sudra - servants and labourers - farmers, craftsmen and labourers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shudra
Sundhi, Sondhi, Sudi- is derived from the Sanskrit Shaundik, a spirit-seller or distillers of alcohol. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shudra
Sweeper - could be any of Bhangi, Mihtar, Pore, Mahar, Valmiki castes. http://books.google.com/books?id=DUsxDMyv3fcC&pg=PA12&lpg=PA12&dq=Mehtar+Bhangi&source=bl&ots=0LyJVohsKZ&sig=I755a7I-lGGMcfi_s4LiB6xsYlU&hl=en&ei=-oFpSsrqItagjAf-5uimCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Talayari - village watchmen. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=2qx-smrZLyUC&pg=PA114&lpg=PA114&dq=Talayari+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=RxEab-txoI&sig=_aevtxu0fXRQJNJWL_rXiSnm8DQ&hl=en&ei=Nc0sSpuoH83MjAeDrunuCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4
Tali -Subdivision of the Kaikolins meaning "red dagger in the hand". http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA390&lpg=PA390&dq=%22Tali%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p4S6bXCh&sig=mwYbB6NgIuNWhZpq3qaXqL5G_iY&hl=en&ei=XhIpStGOAYPH-AaO_d3qCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Tamboli, Tamoli - A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers. http://books.google.com/books?id=G6k03mvHoBwC&pg=PA66&lpg=PA66&dq=Tamoli+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NhH6m2VRax&sig=IztTvsVaGq0yNCt9yzz3VocYzhU&hl=en&ei=7vIoSpapAYPV-Aan373yCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9
Tantwa or Tanti - weavers. http://books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA276&lpg=PA276&dq=Tantwa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5rP9nfvp&sig=pk2BrukfZpn2oG4ujzDPKWCHXn0&hl=en&ei=0A8pSrf1EMHL-AbQouT-CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Telaga is a warrior sub caste or division of the Kapu, or Naidu community of Andhra Pradesh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telaga
Teli - The name Teli is given because of their profession of "making edible oil". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli
Thakur - Landowner/agriculturalist. http://www.umanitoba.ca/institutes/natural_resources/mountain/book/5/3.html
Thalayari - village watchmen. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=73msCkfD5V8C&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Thalayari+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jyTpXiwgP1&sig=M37lK3iJVOPa9cm7Ek1TStQH_oA&hl=en&ei=jeosSuvlMIq2-Qahp5iBCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Thambar - part of Dhangar clan - shepherds. http://www.bookrags.com/wiki/Dhangar
Thandan or Thandar caste -tree climbing and coconut plucking are their traditional occupation. Their women folk engage in coconut palm leaf platting, rope making and also work as agricultural labourer. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thandan
Thapa - a Nepalese Tribe. http://books.google.com/books?id=AiU50pM_z6MC&pg=PA286&lpg=PA286&dq=Thapa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wF1A9Cw9vO&sig=h9WuEu7-xCwGkDBKsUgUKroYNDA&hl=en&ei=kA0pSt_eFsS0-Abfj7n2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Thatera - Communities making ornaments, weapons, pottery and other labor-based items. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepalese_caste_system
Thattar- Goldsmiths. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=5AQcVvbHzdcC&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=%22Thattar%22%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NS-cBtnSWm&sig=jBR2rl8zb7ghs5pzY-DpcOme9dQ&hl=en&ei=1v0sSvaDN8O9-Ab9-eWMCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Thavars - comprise of three roughly designated groups, Kallar, Maravar and Agamudaiyar, which make up the community. many of the members are still agriculturalists, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thevar
Thenga means stick or coconut. http://cciori.org/binjigiri_1.htm
Theva , Deva, Dewar caste (also known as ‘Kaibarta’) specifically refers to the fishing communities. http://insightjnu.blogspot.com/2005/09/dewar-caste-and-its-identity.html
Thevanga - a Telugu Caste , Chetty among both Tamils and Telugus - agriculture and trade. http://www.4to40.com/newsat4/index.asp?id=2170&city=Coimbatore
Thigalas also known as Thigalava or Thigalaru. Tigalas are a sub caste of the numerous Vanniar caste (largely farmers)of Tamil Nadu and Southern Andhra Pradesh. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tigala
Thiyan - Toddy tappers - make liquor from palm trees. http://books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=thiyan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p3S9fREm&sig=UuP7BWcpv7F3ZgWimveLjK1uhSU&hl=en&ei=r1IaSoyqEcbG-Qa_3pXMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2
Thiyas were traditionally employed as Farmers,  Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezhava
Thogata - Tailors and dyers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_castes
Tholuvan - a Telugu Caste. http://www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt
Toddy tappers - make drink from palm trees in days when no tea or coffee was available. - Pausee or Sanar Caste? http://www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php
Toty - sweeper in village, feeds cattle, and carry letters to/from officials. http://books.google.co.za/books?id=c8HQxY3h-6EC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=%22Toty%22%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YcaI2EPEaW&sig=HMMOLYGSX16l8aZBcqZ6i4aSS6I&hl=en&ei=-PEsSqjjJ9XT-QaR2sTqCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6
Tulukkar - Muslim Tamils , traders etc. http://books.google.com/books?id=MTh4pixlifYC&pg=PA73&lpg=PA73&dq=%22Tulukkar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k6scTsTuka&sig=JXcdzMzFJ001yQlx5V_5wExcnsg&hl=en&ei=oRkuSrJ61buMB4H77ZAL&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Turha - Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya - fishermen tribe. http://www.joshuaproject.net/peopctry.php?rop3=113816&rog3=IN
Tussah - probably weavers? http://books.google.com/books?id=7WEDVuzAFekC&pg=PA305&lpg=PA305&dq=%22Tussah%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k_H5hMYQlo&sig=4Ix9dtNyBLC5lbredMqZPX2zlSk&hl=en&ei=6BwpSpT5JITM-Aapv5D7CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
Udayan - Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)
Uppaaras , also called upara , uppara , upar are Agriculturalists. Uppara meaning is 'a person who works in salt' or a mason. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara
Vadugan - means "people from the north" - mostly engaged in toddy tapping, ayurvedic treatments. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaduge
Vakkaliga - Animal husbandry, settled cultivation and horticulture are the traditional occupations of this community. http://www.joshuaproject.net/peopctry.php?rog3=IN&rop3=113838
Valayan - fishermen. http://books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA357&lpg=PA357&dq=Valaya+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5rTdifwi&sig=HZV-lID495lxuwKKH0tzPQN336M&hl=en&ei=C7MvSsXgN4XB-AbsoJCBCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Valluvan are Astrologers and priests. http://www.saivaneri.org/pillais_or_pillay_origin_of_surname_pillai_or_pillay-treatise2.htm
Vanniar or Vannia or vaniah is the title of a feudal chief of medieval Sri Lanka. - largely farmers (Tamil). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanniar_(Chieftain)
Veddas were originally hunter-gatherers. They used bows and arrows to hunt game, and also gathered wild plants and honey. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedda
Velama or Elama is one of the older feudal castes or social groups in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh . Mostly farmers though initially warriors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velama
Vellalans or Velalars are a caste of Tamil agricultural landlords in the states of Tamil Nadu. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellalar
Vettaikkaaran or Vettaikaran, meaning "hunter" in Tamil,  Vettuvan in Telugu means hunter as well. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vettaikkaran
Vettuvan - hunters. http://www.telugupedia.com/wiki/index.php?title=Mudiraju
Villi or Villiya means a 'bow-man' or hunter. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodiya
Vithava - a widow or person who gave up or postphoned marriage. http://forumhub.mayyam.com/hub/viewtopic.php?p=36174
Vodda, Vaddar or Odda -divided into Kalu (Stone), Manu(earth) and Uppa (salt) workers. http://books.google.com/books?id=k--C9xHsSnEC&pg=PA116&lpg=PA116&dq=%22Vodda%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Q-NQBvKJgo&sig=PXWn_Ql4MXZsKr5dRBUDhlhh5QI&hl=en&ei=xYcvSrKyF4PSjAens7GXCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7
Vorya - Tamil Caste name.
Vysia - trading caste. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vysya
Waiter - Usually were special servants.
Washerman - The Dhoby or Dhobi caste are Washermen. http://www.indianetzone.com/31/dhobi_washerman_caste.htm
Weaver (Sali, Saliya, Jolaha ,Chaliyan, Devanga or similar caste). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanga
Woopara, Uppaaras , also called upara , uppara , upar are Agriculturalists. Uppara meaning is 'a person who works in salt' or a mason. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara
Yadavs were known for their bravery and diplomatic wisdom (Governance). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav
Yanadi or Yenadi - The Yanadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.The Yanadi are mainly rural farmers, http://www.prayway.com/unreached/peoplegroups2/1489.html
Yata - Toddy tappers - make drink from palm trees in days when no tea or coffee was available. Are also weavers of mats and baskets, made from the palm leaf. http://www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php
Yediga, Edigas or Idigas? are people living mainly in Karnataka.Edigas are involved in soma and Ayurvedic medicine in ancient days and later as toddy-tappers of palm trees to make liquor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idiga
Yenadi , Yanadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.The Yanadi are mainly rural farmers. http://www.prayway.com/unreached/peoplegroups2/1489.html
Yerukala,  Erukala, or Kurru. They are called as ‘Yerukula’ in Andhra Pradesh after their women’s traditional profession of fortune telling (Eruka cheputa) - Initially hunters and gatherers. Later agriculturalists, petty traders in mats, ropes etc. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yerukala
Zamindar - A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindari_system
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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